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A Helper and Protector
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Eric Jobe Contrary to the dominant views held by many Orthodox apologists for the Septuagint (LXX), the Greek translation of the Hebrew Old Testament, the relationship between the LXX and the Hebrew Bible is extremely complex from the point of view both of the transmission history of the Septuagint and the translation itself. Differences fn18
The Masoretic Hebrew vs. The Septuagint (Part 1)
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Eric Jobe Masoretic Text existed long before the Masoretes, going back as far as the Dead Sea Scrolls, a text we will call the Proto-Masoretic Text. Differences fn19
Learn About the Scrolls - Historical Background
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Pnina Shor, et al. The majority of the Dead Sea Scrolls were written between the 2nd century bce and 2nd century ce. During this time, different Judean groups struggled to obtain and maintain political and religious leadership. As primary sources, the Dead Sea Scrolls shed light on these historical events and explore the ways that various Jews of the Second Temple era related to the world around them. Differences fn20
Learn About the Scrolls - Discovery and Publication
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Pnina Shor, et al. For he had stumbled on the greatest find of the century, the Dead Sea Scrolls. ‏Upon entering the cave, the young Bedouin found a mysterious Bedouin goatherds Jum'a and Muhammed ed-Dib Bedouin goatherds Jum'a and Muhammed ed-Dib (left to right) claimed to have discovered the first Dead Sea Scrolls Photo: John C. Trever Jars Some of the scrolls may have been hidden in jars like these, which were found in the excavations of the caves and the site of Qumran Photo: Mariana Salzberger Khalil Eskander Shahin (Kando), Bethlehem antiquities dealer Khalil Eskander Shahin (Kando), Bethlehem antiquities dealer Photo courtsy of: Alexander Schick collection of large clay jars. The majority were empty and upon examining the remaining few, he found that the jars were intact, with lids still in place. However, a closer look revealed nothing but old scrolls, some wrapped in linen and blackened with age. Differences fn21
Learn About the Scrolls - Scrolls Content
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Pnina Shor, et al. The majority of the Dead Sea Scrolls are religious works, divided on this website into "Biblical" and "Non-Biblical" compositions, with a special category for "Tefillin and Mezuzot". Differences fn22
The Masoretic Hebrew vs. The Septuagint (Part 1)
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Eric Jobe As you can see, among the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Proto-Masoretic text was by far the most popular aligned text, accounting for some 35% of manuscripts. Proto-Septuagint texts account for only 5%. It’s apparent from this picture that, at least in Palestine, the Proto-Masoretic text was gaining superiority, even among sectarian groups, and eventually it won out over the others within the post-70 CE Jewish community. Differences fn23

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